Fact CheckSecurity

Old video shows people fleeing Burkina Faso village, not shot somewhere in Niger State

Claim: A Facebook page shared a video with the claim that  the people in the video were running away from their communities in Niger State because of Boko Haram and Bandit attacks. 

The video is footage of fleeing residents of Solhan village in Burkina Faso, not Niger state in Nigeria. 

Full Text

Over the years, Nigerians have had to contend with security issues. From Boko Haram attacks to unknown bandits, many Nigerians have lost their lives and properties. 

Recently, Premium Times reported that 2,968 persons were killed and 1,484 abducted between January and March, 2022.

As a result of these occurrences, Nigerians daily express their opinions on social media and share information with their followers regarding lack of security in the country. A perfect instance is a Facebook post by Exodus Biafra TV which shared a 30 seconds video with the claim that  the people in the video were running away from their communities because of Boko Haram and bandits killing people on a daily basis.

The screenshot of the claim by Exodus Biafra TV

We also found that another Facebook page, Olamide Sulaimon TV shared the video attributing it to an occurrence in Niger. This post attracted thousands of views on the page and over 100 reactions.

The screenshot of the claim by Olamide Sulaimon TV

With over 4,000 followers on Facebook and the number of shares the post had attracted, we saw the need to verify this claim.

Verification

Using the video verification tool Invid WeVerify, DUBAWA ran a reverse image search on keyframes from the footage and found that AFP Fact Check had already done a fact-check on the video.

AFP found that the language heard in the video does not belong to Nigeria and it is the Moore language spoken predominantly in Burkina Faso.

We found that the video has been in existence since 2021 as it is available on a YouTube Page, Lobs Paalga TV.

The screenshot of the video on YouTube

The YouTube video with the caption  “Vidéo d’un exode attribué aux habitants de Solhan” showed this is not a Nigerian language. So we used Google Translate to get its meaning.  The translation reads, “Video of an exodus attributed to the inhabitants of Solhan”.

On June 6, 2021, BBC reported that armed men killed at least 160 people in an attack on a village in northern Burkina Faso. Solhan was attacked by the reported armed men.

On the same day the YouTube video was posted, Al Jazeera reported that more than 7,000 families had fled their homes in Burkina Faso’s northern region following the area’s worst massacre in years.

Conclusion

Our findings show this video is footage of fleeing residents of Solhan village in Burkina Faso, not residents of Niger State as claimed by the Facebook users. Hence, it is false.

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