• PDP did not win all council seats at FCT elections as claimed by this Twitter user

    Claim: A twitter user claims that the PDP won all chairmanship and councillor seats at the 2022 FCT polls.

    Official results from INEC show that the PDP did not win all the chairman and councillor seats in the election.

    Full Text

    On February 13, 2022, a twitter user @Ahmed_Jimeta1 claimed that the People’s Democratic Party (PDP) had clinched all the chairmanship and councilorship seats at the just-concluded 2022 Federal Capital Territory (FCT) elections.

    “PDP wins all chairmanship & councilorship seats in the council polls conducted by INEC Yesterday in FCT Abuja,” he posted.

    Mr Jimeta’s post was widely shared, generating 165 Retweets, 25  Quote Tweets and 615 Likes.

    Screenshot of the tweet

    The elections were conducted on February 12, 2022 by the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) into the six FCT area councils: Abaji, Abuja Municipal (AMAC), Bwari, Gwagwalada, Kuje and Kwali, and for 62 council seats in wards across the FCT.

    A total of 14 political parties participated in the election., but two of them – All Progressives Congress (APC) and People’s Democratic Party (PDP), dominated the polls.


    Reports of the official results released by the electoral umpire, INEC, indicates a contrary position to the claims of the twitter user.

    INEC figures show that the PDP won the chairmanship seat in three area councils (Kuje, Bwari and Abuja Municipal), while the All Progressives Congress (APC) clinched Gwagwalada, Kwali and Abaji.

    In Kuje, the PDP’s Suleiman Sabo polled 13,301 votes to defeat Sarki Hamidu of the All Progressive Congress (APC), who secured 7,694 votes. 

    The PDP’s candidate, John Gabaya was re-elected for a second term in Bwari after scoring 13,045 votes ahead of the APC’s Audi Shekwolo who had 7,697 votes. 

    Christopher Zakka of the PDP was declared the winner of the chairmanship seat in Abuja Municipal Area Council (AMAC), having polled almost 20,000 votes to beat his closest rival, Murtala Karshi of the APC.

    After the elections in Gwagwalada, Abubakar Jubrin of the APC was declared winner by INEC after scoring 11,125 votes against the 9,579 votes obtained by the PDP’s Kassim Mohammed.

    In Abaji,  the APC scored 7,280 votes to defeat Yahaya Garba of the PDP, who polled 4,063 votes. INEC declared APC winner, but failed to announce any particular candidate due to an ongoing legal tussle between two of the party’s candidates, Muhammad Loko and Umar Abdullahi.

    Elections in Kwali Area Council ended with the declaration of APC candidate, Danladi Chiya, as winner and chairman-elect of the council. Mr Chiya obtained 7,646 votes against the 7,345 votes of his closest rival, Haruna Pai of the PDP.

    The PDP did not also clinch all the council seats in the election, as official results have shown. While the PDP clinched all the councillor seats in Kuje, in Gwagwalada, the party picked six council seats against the four won by the APC. In Abuja Municipal (AMAC), the PDP won 10 seats, while the APC won just two.


    Contrary to the claim by Mr Jimeta in his twitter post that the PDP won all seats for chairman and councillor in the 2022 FCT elections, official results released by INEC showed that the PDP and APC shared the seats. For the chairmanship seats, the PDP won in three area councils, with the APC clinching the remaining three councils, just as candidates of both parties won councillor seats across the six area councils.

  • Anambra 2021 Governorship Election Fact-Check

    Claim: A post on Nairaland claims a police DIG and AIG  assigned for the Anambra elections have both resigned from the assignment. The post details that: “A Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIG) Joseph Egbunike and Assistant Inspector General of Police (AIG) deployed to Anambra State for Saturday’s governorship election have resigned from the assignment.” 

    Verification: Phone calls placed to the police PRO, Frank Mba, were not responded to. However, according to latest reports from Vanguard and independent the police PRO has confirmed that there was no resignation, DIG Joseph Egbunike was only replaced with AIG Zaki Ahmed to lead the security for the Anambra gubernatorial elections. 

    Claim: A video shared by a Twitter user, @Real_Amakalke, and many others depicts a rigging galore, allegedly  perpetrated by election officials in Anambra. 

    Verification: Although the location of the footage could not be determined, analysis of the video on InVid video verifier showed it first appeared an hour ago on this YouTube page, “BiafraUplift” and generally not too long ago online. The footage was neither doctored nor altered in any way. As such, the event in the video is recent. 

    Claim: A Facebook page, Gtv-Freedom News Page, posted two images at 10:45a.m., claiming that unknown gunmen are attacking and killing soldiers and police officers in Anambra. 

    Verification: While the first image is from a September 28th report by BBC Igbo, the other image has been used several times in the past to accompany reports relating to hoodlums, unknown gunmen, Bandits e.t.c. No Premium Times/PTCIJ observer or any credible media platform reported such a case. Also, the Anambra Commissioner of Police, Echeng Echeng, dismissed the claim as fake news when contacted.

    Claim: A user on Twitter, BiafraBreakingNews, claims polling units in Onitsha remain empty with Zero voter turnout. 

    This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is MISLEADING-1.png

    Verification: Abdulazeez Abbas, a Premium times reporter in Onitsha clarifies that the low voter turnout is only at the newly established polling units in the area. He explains that the prevalent issue is the general malfunction with the Bimodal Voter Accreditation System (BVS) not the low voter turnout. 

    Claim: Valentine Ozigbo, Anambra PDP gubernatorial candidate, said INEC is no longer using incident form. 

    Verification: According to reports by Premium times and Tribune, INEC has abolished the use of incident forms since 2019. The incident form is a report to the elections board about any irregularity or unusual happening such as failure of  poll workers to appear on time, voter’s name not on the roster, or general issues with election tools.

    Claim: Reports on ChampionsNews and DailyPost claim the governorship candidate of the African Action Congress (AAC) Chidozie Nwankwo  has stepped down for PDP’s Valentine Ozigbo. 

    Verification: Dr. Leonard Nzenwa, the National Chairman of the African Action Congress (AAC) dispelled the claim. He described the news as “fake” and a means to demoralise the party’s stands in the elections. The chairman said Mr. Chidozie is fully in the race and has not dropped for Valentine Ozigbo.

    Claim: A user on Twitter, @Afrimediaa, claims that ‘unidentified armed men’ have invaded   Aguata LGA, Immaculate Heart Ekwulobia; attacked party agents, electoral officers and made away with election materials and that voting has been cancelled.

    Verification: An observer with the Premium Times Centre for Investigative Journalism, Adesola Ikulaloju, who is currently at Aguata, confirmed that the news is not true. He added that voters are still on queue and voting is still ongoing with no threats at the moment.

    Claim: A Twitter user @hardynwa claims INEC has extended voting by an hour and that voting will continue on Sunday. 

    Verification: Anambra INEC Resident Electoral Commissioner (REC), Nkwachukwu Orji, in a statement earlier extended voting time to 4:00pm due to accreditation issues.

    Also, a recent report  by Premium Times noted that the REC in a press briefing  extended voting to Sunday.

    Claim: A viral image claims the APC chairman Anambra state, Chief Basil Ejidike, collapsed after losing his local government to PDP and APGA in ongoing gubernatorial elections in Anambra. 

    Verification: A Yandex reverse image search of the acclaimed picture of the fainted APC chairman, showed the image first appeared online in 2017 and since then, it has been satirised with diverse narratives attached to it and has appeared also on different platforms such as tori.ng and wowplus.net amongst many others since 2017. 

    Claim: A user on Facebook, Ada Biafra shared a statement titled “US Statement on the Upcoming Anambra Elections” which detailed potential sanctions Nigeria would face if the Anambra Elections does not go well. 

    Verification: The “statement” did not appear or feature on any credible news sites. Also, the statement did not carry any signatory (like most statements do) or direct reference to it. In fact, the link attached to it was that of a YouTube video broadcasting recent happenings in Anambra.

    Claim:  A post by Anambra Breaking News NG on Facebook claims APC is heading to victory and leads in 7 local government areas in Anambra state.

    Verification: Latest reports on election results by Premium times and ThisDay  shows it is APGA’s Charles Soludu who is leading with 6 Local Government Areas so far and not APC’s Andy Uba. No reports anywhere, aside from the claim in question, that suggest APC is leading in Anambra with 7 LGAs. 

  • Anambra elections: Viral video showing ‘PDP members inducing voters’ fact-checked

    Claim: A video on Instagram claims members of the PDP are inducing voters ahead of the Anambra State election.

    Although the money handler wore a PDP attire and our findings show that money is being shared to people, we do not have enough evidence to  ascertain if he is actually a PDP member. However, evidence gleaned from the video shows that it was shot recently ahead of the Anambra election.

    Full Text

    An Instagram post by @thetattleroomng claims members of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) are inducing voters by giving them N400 and a can of malt ahead of the election.

    “Anambra election: PDP members seen giving out 400 Naira and a can of Malt to voters ahead of the gubernatorial election this weekend”, caption on the post reads.

    Screenshot of the Instagram post by tattleroomng.

    This same video was shared by @Instablog9ja with the same claim gathering about 11,360 likes and 663 comments an hour after it was shared. 

    “Anambra Guber Election: Electorates seen receiving N400 and a can of Malt ahead of Saturday,” instablog9ja’s caption reads.

    Screenshot of Instablog9ja’s post.

    While some viewers in the comment section of this post expressed their shock and dissatisfaction, others say this is staged as no sane person will wear his or her party’s identity to do such thing. This prompted us to do this check.


    Dubawa could not find this video anywhere with Google reverse image and video search as well as with the InVid tool. This suggests the video is new, not a recirculated one.

    We also watched, listened, analysed and had the parts spoken igbo translated to get the content and context of the video.

    From both videos, we deduced that the man sharing the money in the first video who was wearing PDP’s camouflage on his neck, was asking the young boy if he had a voter’s card. He also asked when he registered to be sure he had the voter’s card.

    “Do you have a voter’s card, oya take….say thank you, shut up,” he said.

    The money handler was seen giving N200 to some people and N400 to others. Apparently, those without voter’s cards got N200 with their malt while those with voter’s cards got N400 with their Malt.

    We also noticed an aged woman with a baby was given N600 (three 200 naira notes) which she said was because of her grandchild she was carrying. 

    The Dialogue in the footage suggested the event took place at Nimo Town, Njikoka Local Government Area (LGA) and the people are apparently from the same town. When one of the receiver’s identity was questioned (if he was from Nimo) by the ‘money handler’ with the orange hat, the other person handing drinks quickly confirmed that  the receiver  is a mechanic and is truly from Nimo. 

    Where is Nimo Town?

    Nimo town is a town in Njikoka LGA, Anambra state, South-east geopolitical zone of Nigeria

    Screenshot of Nimo Town on Google map.

    Dubawa, therefore, went ahead to do a keyword search which led to a blog post by gistmania.com with the headline  “PDP members caught giving out 400 naira and a can of malt to voters ahead of the Anambra election.”

     The same video posted on Instagram by @tattleroomng was linked to this post. 

    Screenshot of blog post by gistmania.com.

    Another post by legitpost.com.ng carried the same story but this time it claims it is the All Progressives Congress (APC) inducing voters ahead of the poll.

    Screenshot of blog post by legit Post.com.ng.

    Although this blog post carries screenshots of the same video with the same man wearing the PDP party’s camouflage, it says the perpetrators are members of the APC which is contradictory.


    Although the money handler wore a PDP attire and our findings show that money is being shared to people, we do not have enough evidence to ascertain if the man in the video is actually a PDP member. However, evidence gleaned from the video shows that it was shot recently ahead of the Anambra election.

  • Anambra 2021 Governorship Election: Meet some of the candidates

    On Saturday November 6, 2021, electorates in Anambra will head to the polls to choose the next governor of the state. 

    18 political parties  listed by the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) will be contesting this position.

    In preparation for the election, INEC has said 86 out of the 5,720 Polling Units (PU) in the state have no voters, hence no personnel or material will be distributed to those PUs.

    Although INEC says it is ready, a coalition of civil society organisations in the South-East has asked that the election be postponed to douse the tension and fear in the minds of the populace.

    This tension was heightened by the sit-at-home protest from November 5 to November 10, 2021, declared by the Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB). This protest has however been cancelled.

    Also, the Inspector General of Police (IGP), Usman Baba, has warned non-state actors, including the IPOB to steer clear of Saturday’s election in Anambra State.

    In view of the election, Dubawa, here, introduces some of the candidates.

    APC candidate- Andy Uba

    Emmanuel Nnamdi Uba also known as Andy Uba, is a politician who once served as the  Special Assistant on Special Duties and Domestic Affairs to President Olusegun Obasanjo. 

    He is also not new to the governorship race, having contested the 2007 election in which he was declared winner but the election was challenged in court by Peter Obi. 

    His administration was eventually truncated.

    Andy Uba has also served two terms in the Senate (2011 and 2015) representing Anambra South Senatorial district.

    He emerged the winner of the All Progressives Congress (APC) Anambra governorship primary after defeating 13 other aspirants.

    The 62-year-old will be contesting this election alongside his running mate, Chkwuememeka Stephen Okafor, who is 57-year-old.

    Anidst all these,, the Federal High Court in Abuja has fixed December 20 to deliver judgement in a suit by George Moghalu, an aspirant in the APC primary election.

    PDP candidate – Valentine Ozigbo

    Valentine Ozigbo is a politician and businessman with over 17 years of experience in the banking sector. He has worked with NAL Merchant Bank, Diamond Bank, Continental Trust Bank, FSB International Bank, Standard Trust Bank, United Bank for Africa and Bank PHB.

    He has served as the Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer of the Nigeria-based hospitality company, Transcorp Hotels Plc. 

    He is also the immediate past President and Chief Executive Officer of Transnational Corporation of Nigeria plc (Transcorp) from 2019-2020.

    In June, the 50-year-old polled 62 out of 218 votes to beat 13 other aspirants. He will be contesting the election with 64 year old Lilian Azuka Enemo as candidate for deputy governorship.

    Following a court order, the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) recognised Valentine Ozigbo as the candidate of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) for the November 6 Anambra governorship election.

    APGA candidate- Charles Soludo

    Chukwuma Charles Soludo, is a professor and politician who has been active in the academia, politics and the business world. 

    He has worked with the World Bank, the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, European Union (EU), Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD); United Nations (UN), United States Agency for International Development (USAID), African Development Bank (ADB), African Union (AU), Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) among many others.

    In the Academia, Soludo had served at the IMF and also taught the IMF’s Financial Programming and Policy course to senior staff of Central Banks in West Africa and other developing regions. He has similarly served as Member, Technical Committees that drafted economic and trade policies for the Federal Government of Nigeria; and Executive Director of the African Institute for Applied Economics (AlAE).

    In 2003 he served the Federal Government of Nigeria as the Economic Adviser to President Obasanjo and the Chief Executive of the National Planning Commission (NPC) among many other responsibilities.

    In addition, he served as the Governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) and won the Global and African Central Bank Governor of the Year, in 2005, 2006 and 2007.

    60-year-old Soludo alongside his running mate, Ibezim Onyekachi Gilbert (age 45), emerged as APGA’s  candidate in June with  740 votes. 

    However, they were in July removed from INEC’s  list of cleared candidates in recognition of an order by the High Court of Jigawa State, questioning the legality of the emergence of the duo and of the party’s leadership that produced them.

    Subsequently, they were  affirmed by the supreme court in October 2021 and restored by INEC.

  • LIVE FACT-CHECK: Soludo, Ozigbo, Uba debate ahead of Anambra Governorship election

    The stage is set for three governorship candidates vying for the governorship position in Anambra state to debate ahead of the election.

    The three aspirants; Andy Uba of the All Progressives Congress (APC), Chukwuma Soludo of the All Progressives Grand Alliance (APGA) and Valentine Ozigbo of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) are on stage to field questions from Arise Crew during the debate.

    The debate is supported by Enough-is-Enough Nigeria (EiE Nigeria) and is being broadcast live on the ARISE NEWS Channel, the Anambra Broadcasting Service Radio and TV and the Ogene FM.

    Dubawa and Premium Times are monitoring the debate for live fact-checks to ensure accuracy of claims.

    Yes, Soludo won Best Governor of the Central Bank thrice

    Claim 1: Charles Soludo claims he was three times winner of the best governor of the Central bank award.


    The Central Bank’s document on Soludo’s service indicates that he has won the Global and African Central Bank Governor of the Year, in 2005, 2006 and 2007. Different international media institutions, including The Banker Magazine published by the Financial Times of London, gave him the awards.

    True, Anambra has lowest unemployment rate in Nigeria

    Claim 2: Charles Soludo (APGA) said Anambra State has the lowest unemployment rate at 17% per cent. 

    This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is TRUE.png


    According to a report by  the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), Anambra State has the lowest unemployment rate, with 17% in the second quarter of 2020.

    True, Ngige, not Obiano enacted the Vigilante Act

    Claim 3: Charles Soludo (APGA) said the vigilante act was not enacted during Obiano’s government. 

    This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is TRUE.png


    According to a report by real-world and Amnesty International, the Anambra State House of Assembly enacted the Anambra State Vigilante Group law in 2004, under Chris Ngige PDP-led government.  The vigilante act was enacted to give private groups the right to prevent crime in the state.

    Abati, not Soludo, is right about Anambra unemployment rate

    Claim 4: Rueben Abati, one of the anchors of the debate said the unemployment rate is at 44% but Charles Soludo, APGA’s candidate, contradicted this saying it is at 13%.

    Although Rueben insisted he was quoting a data source which he did not name, Soludo countered his claim with that of the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS). 

    “…and you have the unemployment rate of 44% and if you add underemployment to that, you have 60.7%,” Abati said.

    Abati is right having quoted unemployment data for Q4 2020 which is the latest released by NBS


    The National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) unemployment data for the second quarter (Q2) of 2020 shows Anambra State’ unemployment is at 13.1%. However, that of the fourth quarter (Q4), which is the latest, puts the percentage at 44.22.

    True, state governments don’t grant tax concessions to companies

    Claim 5: Charles Soludo (APGA) claims  State Governments do not have the power to give tax concessions to companies.

    This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is TRUE.png


    State governments do not have the power to give tax concessions or incentives. According to tax summaries, the Federal Inland Revenue Services, under the federal government, gives incentives and concessions to companies.

    Soludo’s claim on COVID-19 confirmed cases true

    Claim 6: Soludo (APGA) said there are over 2,000 COVID-19 confirmed cases in Anambra

    This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is TRUE.png

    Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) data shows 2,387 cases as at November 1, 2021 have been confirmed.

    Soludo’s claim on COVID-19 death rate partly true

    Claim 7: APGA’s candidate, Charles Soludo, claims Anambra state has one of the lowest, if not the lowest death rate in the country.


    Our findings show this is not true as Anambra state’s death rate which is 19 is not the lowest t but could be counted as one of the lowest. There are 4 other states with lower figures NCDC’s data show  – Jigawa’s death rate is 17, Kebbi has 16, Zamfara has 8 and Kogi has 2.

    No separate data on Anambra’s primary, secondary school enrolment data

    Claim 8: Charles Soludo (APGA) said 65% of Anambra State primary and secondary school enrolment is private.

    No supporting data


    Official statistics from the Universal Basic Education Commission (UBEC) on public and private schools released in 2018, which is the latest, didn’t give a breakdown of private and public school enrollment. 

    Insufficient evidence on COVID-19 vaccination in Anambra

    Claim 9: Charles Soludo (APGA) said over 92,000 vaccinations have been administered in Anambra.

    This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is INSUFFICIENT-EVIDENCE.png



    Data by the National Primary Health Care Development Agency (NPHCDA) as at June 2021, shows 33,503 persons have received their first dose of the vaccine in Anambra state.  No recent data to show the current vaccination figure. 

    UBEC data shows Anambra out-of-school children over 90,000

    Claim 10: Ngozi Alaegbu, who co-anchored the debate, said Anambra state has 90,000 out of school children.


    According to data gleaned from the 2018 digest of basic education statistics by the Universal Basic Education Commission (UBEC), which is the latest, Anambra state houses 118, 314 out of school children. Which is about 15 per cent of the state population within 6-11 years old. A google search revealed that Miss Alaegbu based her claim of 90,000 out of school in Anambra state on the word of a researcher and not from the data from the education board. 

    True, Ozigbo clinched Best CEO Award as claimed

    Claim 11:  Valentine Ozigbo (PDP), claims he was once awarded the best CEO award of the year. 


    According to the seven stars luxury hospitality and lifestyle awards, Ozigbo won the 2016 Seven Stars awards as  CEO of the year.  

    Soludo’s claim Anambra’s general hospitals are only ones offering vaccines false

    Claim 12: Anambra is the only state where a general hospital is administering vaccines.


    A search on the National Primary Health Care Development Agency (NPHCDA) website shows general hospitals in other states provide vaccines. Also, some persons who have received the vaccines confirmed they got their vaccine from general hospitals. 

    EDITOR’s NOTE: Claims 4 and 10 have been updated to reflect new revelation which faulted our earlier fact-checks.

  • A drop in female contestants and other things to know about forthcoming Anambra Gubernatorial Elections

    The Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC),  has slated November 6th for the highly anticipated 2021 Anambra election. While this move was definitive, the primary elections conducted by some political parties saw an avalanche of discord that challenged the legitimacy of the candidates that emerged. 

    The Peoples Democratic Party (PDP), All Progressives Congress (APC), and the All Progressives Grand Alliance (APGA), considered the major political parties contesting in the elections have had varied degrees of friction over the authenticity of the gubernatorial candidates to represent their parties. 

    Nonetheless, this is not the only significant thing around the Anambra Elections. Below are some occurrences you probably don’t know about the Anambra polity. 

    A drop in Female contestants; a rise of younger candidates

    Out of the 18  contestants confirmed by INEC for the 2021 Anambra governorship elections,  only two of candidates  contesting for the governorship position are women. This is a striking decline compared to the previous 2017 elections when five women contested for the post. Also,  only five women are contesting as candidates for the deputy governorship post. This is a decline from  a total of eight women that contested for the post in 2017. 

    APC has Male-Male running candidates. While INEC is yet to release the names of candidates for the PDP because of ongoing discord within the party. Out of the major political parties contesting in the elections, apparently only APGA has a woman for the  position of deputy governor. 

    Out of all the candidates screened and confirmed by INEC, the youngest candidate is Ekene Alex Nwankwo, at 36 years old while at 62 years old, Senator Andy Uba is the oldest candidate for the 2021 Anambra State Governorship race. The list of candidates is shown below: 

    Source: INEC

    Electoral/Political Chaos

    For persons familiar with the polity of Anambra State, issues trending around the primary elections are not novel and surprising at all. In fact, Anambra State is the only state that has had five governors under contentious cases from 1999 to 2007, including a governor who only served for 14 days. 

    In 2007, Andy Uba  won the Anambra state Governorship election and was sworn in on May 27, 2007. However, barely 14 days after he was sworn in, Uba was removed from office on the orders of the Supreme court. This swift change of events reinstated Peter Obi, who was then the incumbent Governor of the state. This occurrence made Obi the first governor in the state to win two terms. 

    Again, Virginia Etiaba was appointed Governor of the state on November 3, 2006 when Peter Obi, was impeached by the state legislature for alleged gross misconduct. Etiaba, served for only 3 months before handing back  the mantle to Obi after an appeal court nullified the impeachment. 

    Hence, the electoral and political chaos in Anambra is not new as it is still one of the few states in the country where more than two parties are major. APGA, PDP, YPP, APC all stand a chance.  

    The Anambra elections has come under threat

    In the 2017 Anambra elections, the  Nigerian Police deployed about 26,000 police officers to prepare for the gubernatorial elections.  This number of deployed security officers was almost four-times the initial number of the police in the state (5,000). 

    The deployment was not only to ensure that the forthcoming election was free and fair, but to clasp the threat posed by The Indigenous People of Biafra, (IPOB) who had threatened to disrupt the 2017 gubernatorial elections by conducting rallies and protests against the elections. 

    In fact,  on a Friday, November 10, 2017, a week to the elections, the group marched around some streets in Onitsha, Anambra State, chanting threats: “if you vote you will die. Don’t go out, stay in your house.” The group announced its intention to stop the elections and also impose a lock-down on the day of the elections. 

    Though the 2021 gubernatorial elections are not far off, and Nnamdi Kanu, the IPOB leader, is under security incarceration, the Anambra gubernatorial elections may still attract security forces even more than before, particularly because of the low voter turnout in the last 2017 Anambra elections that has been linked by analysts  to the threat spread by IPOB before the elections. 


    It’s less than 4 months to the 2021 Anambra gubernatorial elections and INEC has reinstated its commitment to making sure the elections live up to expectations. However, issues around the Party primaries conducted ahead of Anambra governorship elections appear to be a tradition. According to CDD, since the return to democracy in 1999 in Anambra State and Nigeria in general, there is hardly a time of absence of court cases after governorship party primaries to challenge outcomes of primaries. This reality places voters in a dilemma and hardly gives them time to get to know who earns their votes.

  • WHO did not disqualify Nigeria from receiving COVID-19 vaccines as claimed by opposition

    Claim: PDP claims Nigeria is disqualified by WHO from the list of nations to receive the COVID-19 vaccine.

    The information provided by the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) that Nigeria is disqualified by WHO from receiving the COVID-19 vaccine is not true. The WHO communications officer confirmed the information as false. 

    Full text

    The novel COVID-19 pandemic  came with an overpowering novelty that even advanced nations were overwhelmed by its pressing flanks. Even experts in virology seemed to have flunked out of ideas at the early stage of the pandemic. However, so much improvement  was  subsequently made especially  in discovering precautionary ways to curtail the spread of the virus and the development of a vaccine. 

    This improvement, primarily as regards the actualization of a COVID-19 vaccine, has within the past months steered multiple news reports on how countries will acquire  the COVID-19 vaccine. In January 2021,  Governor Kayode Fayemi, head of the Nigeria Governors’ Forum, said “Nigeria is among 12 countries in Africa that have indicated the readiness of the 92 qualified countries for the facility and will by the end of February 2021 receive its first shipment of vaccines,” Fayemi said. 

    However, a recent claim seems to dispute Mr. Fayemi’s assertions. On Twitter, the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP), a strong opposition party to the ruling party, All Progressives Congress (APC), claims Nigeria is disqualified by WHO from the list of nations to receive the COVID-19 vaccine. The claimants affirmed that the incidence was due to  the inability of President Buhari’s administration to provide a simple storage facility for the vaccine. 

    The claim was tweeted as a thread alongside a version of the same tweet in   a press statement copy. 

    PDP’s press statement containing details about the claim

    The outlined message in the press release  and the tweet boils down to the acclaimed failure of the present government to provide a COVID-19 storage facility. However, Yusuf Yunusa(@yyunusa) inquired that  “Who is the handler of these fake news spreaders?” While also implying that the information is false. DUBAWA examined multiple information about  COVID-19 vaccines that both had an element of truth and lie. However, one thing that is  apparent is the ability of such information to garner people’s attention and if false, easily mislead them. This situation encouraged DUBAWA to uncover the truth in this information. 


    DUBAWA reached out to Kate Ribet, Communications Officer COVID-19 Vaccine Rollout, WHO Regional Office for Africa who replied via an email. On the question of WHO’s disqualification of Nigeria for the COVID-19 vaccine, she clarified that “WHO  has not disqualified any country in Africa from accessing COVID-19 vaccines through the COVAX facility, but rather the organisation is supporting all countries to access vaccines as quickly as possible.

    Currently, all countries on the continent are expected to start accessing the AstraZeneca/Oxford vaccines by the end of February. The vaccine is under review by WHO for Emergency Use Listing and the outcome is expected soon.

    Of the 88 million AstraZeneca doses allocated to African countries for the first phase, Nigeria has received by far the largest allocation, with 16 million doses.”

    She further explained:

    “In addition to the Astra Zeneca doses, there is an initial limited volume of Pfizer vaccine available through COVAX. Demand for the initial allocation of 1.2 million Pfizer doses was exceptionally high. COVAX received interest from 72 countries around the world, of which 51 countries were considered by the review committee as “ready” (Nigeria was among these countries) and 18 countries in total were finally chosen to receive initial Pfizer doses. On the Africa continent, as of the 18 January deadline, COVAX received 13 submissions, of which 9 were recommended as ready to deploy the Pfizer vaccine and the list includes Nigeria.

    Regarding the delay in supply of the vaccine to Nigeria, she said:

    “Unfortunately, it was not feasible to provide each of these 51 countries with Pfizer doses, due to a number of factors including the limited capacity for Pfizer to handle many countries at once. Therefore, spreading the limited doses across all the 51 countries deemed ‘ready’ could not have achieved the intended public health benefit.  After epidemiological self-financing to account, the decision was taken to proportionally balance the number of self-financing and AMC Participants, as well as Participants across all 6 WHO regions.”

    Her response indicates that Nigeria is not disqualified from countries that will receive the COVID-19 vaccine and in fact, the country is only waiting for its turn. 


    The information provided by the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) that Nigeria is disqualified by WHO from receiving the COVID-19 vaccine is not true. The World Health Organization’s communications officer confirmed the information as false. 

  • 2019 report recirculated to fuel Atiku/Buhari presidential election rivalry – and many fell for it

    CLAIM: INEC presiding officers made confession on electronic transmission of 2019 presidential election results.

    VERDICT: TRUE! But report is from April 2019.


    On Sunday, November 29, 2020, news blogs reported there is a victory for 2019 presidential candidate of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP), Atiku Abubakar, following revelation by some staff members of the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC).

    The news report which appeared here, here, here claimed that 13 presiding officers engaged by INEC said they transmitted results of the February 23, 2019 election electronically against the position of the commission.

     It stated further that the presiding officers made the statements at the Presidential Election Petition Tribunal, sitting in Abuja.

    One of the reports was headlined: “Massive Victory For Atiku As INEC Staff Makes Powerful Confession That May Vindicate Him.”

    The post here also featured a 5:31 minutes video which analysed the report from another news platform.

    It reads: “About 13 Presiding Officers of the Independent National Electoral Commission, INEC, in Borno and Yobe States, have told the Presidential Election Petition Tribunal, sitting in Abuja, that they transmitted the results of the February 23, Presidential election in their various units and wards, to the official server of INEC.

    “The position of the presiding officers, however, contradicted the submission of INEC, who had earlier stated in its reply to the petition, that the results were never sent to its server.

    “This could go a long way in vindicating Atiku if proved to be true. What do you think? Is this the end for Buhari?”

    Some of the comments on the report showed that the readers not only believed the report as a fresh one, they also analysed and passed comments on their thoughts on the case.

    One of the readers, Kampala Pender said: “They should just forget that, as the judgment will always be twisted even with millions of evidence, I advise Atiku to focus on future.” (sic)

    Bright Miebi commented, “please we should forget about that before there will be war in Nigeria.”

    HappyMan wrote: “Good news but hungry people in power will not allow it to scale through. From onset they knew who really won but was twisted.”

    Ologunde Evng Abraham queried “truth is always constant but who will take care of it?”

    While some few other comments cast aspersions on the persons of Atiku and Buhari, a reader, Prince Olaniyan Toba, asked if the information is “fresh news or old.” He, however, did not get answers from those who dropped comments.


    Key phrase search of the report showed that it had been published by mainstream media about 21 months ago.

    The report came following assertions by INEC that it did not transmit the 2019 election results electronically.

    Media organisations who reported this revelation include Vanguard, This Day, Premium Times, Ripples Nigeria, Daily Post.

    Checks on YouTube showed that the video was published by Trybez Fashion on April 26, 2019.

    A cursory look at the video, which has so far garnered 26,602 views showed that texts of the re-invented report were copied from the YouTube video verbatim.

    More so, the Presidential Election Petition Tribunal which the report referenced had completed its duties more than a year ago and has since been dissolved.

    Nigerian Tribune reports that the tribunal on September 11, 2019 upheld the election of President Muhammadu Buhari who was declared winner by INEC in February.

    Unsatisfied with the judgement of the tribunal, Atiku and the PDP approached the Supreme Court which dismissed the petition on October 30, 2019 while upholding Buhari’s election as president of Nigeria for another term of four years which will end in 2023.


    Even though the content of the report is true, it is coming about 21 months late. Clear evidence showed that the report was re-invented from 2019 and the elections petition tribunal has since 2019 completed its duties. 

    The researcher produced this fact-check per the Dubawa 2020 Fellowship partnership with TribuneOnlineng to facilitate the ethos of “truth” in journalism and enhance media literacy in the country.

  • Fact-Checking the Edo Elections: A Review of the publications by Fact-Checking Organisations in Nigeria


    The recently held Edo election was keenly contested in the midst of political drama and several claims, all aimed at ensuring victory for each of the contending gubernatorial candidates. As expected, fact-checkers attempted to track and rate these claims appropriately, to counter the spread of misinformation during the elections. In this analysis, we examined the extent of publications of fact-checks by fact-checking organisations operating in Nigeria on the recently concluded Edo elections. We found a fair publication of fact-checks by these organisations even though two of them did not publish any fact-check on the election. A few claims were fact-checked inter-organisationally with slight variations found in the few claims fact-checked across organisations. Given the number of false claims traceable to Governor Obaseki, who won the election, and some of his supporters, the incumbent governor appeared to have actively contributed to the information disorder during the elections more than his opponent.  


    Misinformation is common and tends to thrive during elections. Elections are an integral part of all democratic societies. Campaigning for votes of electorates is a critical aspect of the electioneering process. Electoral Candidates often present themselves in the best form to the electorates with the intention to motivate electorates to vote for them. Oftentimes, the political stage is turned to a battleground of words with political actors marketing their preferred candidates to the electorates while maligning their opponents. It is important to verify these claims to aid voters in making informed decisions on who to vote for or not. Hence, fact-checkers tend to be active in tracking, verifying, and countering political claims across media platforms ahead of any election. To enable voters make informed decisions based on facts, countering false claims promptly is thus paramount in the electioneering process.

    The recently held Edo election was keenly contested amidst claims and counter claims regarding candidates and their associates. The situation was heightened by the peculiar circumstances that surrounded the emergence of the two leading contestants for the election. The incumbent governor, Godwin Obaseki, was denied candidacy by his erstwhile political party, the All People’s Congress (APC), largely owing to his disagreement with his erstwhile political godfather, Adams Oshiomole, whom he succeeded as governor in 2016. He eventually defected to the opposition party, the People’s Democratic Party (PDP) where he secured his candidacy ahead of the election. Former PDP’s candidate in the state’s 2016 gubernatorial election, Pastor Osagie Ize-Iyamu, who had since defected to the APC, got the party’s ticket to run for the 2020 election. The political stage was thus set for intense electioneering for the survival of the fittest in the poll.  There were claims and counter claims in the build-up to the election with both sides blaming each other for spreading falsehood ahead of the election. 

    With the resulting trading of words, verifying these claims and stopping the spread of misinformation in a good time seemed to be challenging. The onus to meet this challenge was on fact-checkers to fact-check relevant claims and rate them appropriately, given the growing culture of fact-checking in the Nigerian media space.  Fact-checking organisations are increasingly being established within the country along with campaigns to sensitise the general populace and professionals through in-house fact-checking training and fellowships for reporters.

    But how active are fact-checkers during elections? Furthermore, how readily do they fact-check claims during off-season elections which occur every now and then in Nigeria, aside the general elections.  In recent months, gubernatorial elections in Edo and Ondo States were two key off-season elections conducted by the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC). Of these two, the Edo state gubernatorial election was contested with relatively higher stakes. 

    The focus of this analysis is to compare fact-checks on the recently concluded Edo elections across the active fact-checking organisations in Nigeria, with a view to provide insights on the activities of various fact-checking organisations in respect of the Edo 2020 gubernatorial election.  Jamiu Folarin, in a recent review of media organisations combating information disorder in Nigeria identified six active fact-checking organisations operating in Nigeria. Three of them, Dubawa, Africa Check, and AFP are signatories to the International Fact-Checking Network (IFCN). Dubawa is the only indigenous fact-checking organisation in Nigeria among the three IFCN signatories. Other fact-checking organisations operating in the country are People’s Check, Fact Check Hub, and Round Check.  


    In this analysis, we employed the content analysis research method to examine fact-checks on the Edo 2020 gubernatorial election. We visited the websites of six reportedly active fact-checking organisations in Nigeria and conducted related keywords searches on each of them for published fact-checks on the Edo election. The keywords include“Edo”, “Edo election”, “Obaseki”, “Ize-Iyamu” and “Oshiomole”. We searched through the results for fact-checks on the election. The searches on Africa Check and Round Check produced no relevant result, suggesting that the two organisations did not publish any fact-check on the Edo election. We found a total of 24 fact-checks across the remaining four organisations. These fact-checks contained 41 claims.  They were published from June 17, 2020, three months before the election date to September 26, 2020, a week after the conduct of the election. The 41 claims served as units of analysis for the study. Some of the claims were fact-checked across different fact-checking organisations. In all, 34 independent claims were fact-checked in the analysed fact-checks with four claims each fact-checked by two different organisations. One peculiar claim was fact-checked by all four organisations. 

    Results and Analysis

    In fact-checking the Edo election, fact-checkers rose to the challenge months ahead of the election although majority of the fact-checks were published around Election Day. Most of the fact-checks were published in the days leading to the election and afterwards, from September 17 to Sept 22. France-based AFP and the International Centre for Investigative Reporting (ICIR)’s Fact Check Hub set the trail debunking misinformation ahead of the primary elections to select flag bearers for the two leading contestants. Dubawa published two fact-checks each, collating quick-checks of brief fact-checking of multiple claims rated True, False, Misleading and with Insufficient Evidence.  This explains the high frequency of fact-checked claims on September 22.  People’s Check which published the least fact-checks published only on the day of the election and the day after. Also none of the fact-checks published by AFP and People’s Check included multiple claims.

    Table 1: Date distribution of Analysed claims by organisation

    Date of publicationAFPFact Check HubDUBAWAPeople’s Check

    The fact-checking organisations fact-checked a wide array of claims, majority of which were rated false. Five of the claims were fact-checked by more than one organisation. Four of these claims were fact-checked by two different organisations. All four organisations debunked the fifth, which was of a photograph purportedly showing the erstwhile Chairman of the APC and key actor in the election, Adams Oshiomole voting for PDP. This definitely would have raised a red flag for anyone as Oshiomole was probably the most unlikely person to vote for Obaseki and his party, the PDP. The animosity between Oshiomole and Obaseki before, during, and after the heated disagreements between both men until Obaseki migrated to PDP, after failing to clinch the APC gubernatorial ticket was common knowledge in Edo State and other parts of the federation. 

    Claims that attracted multiple fact-checking bordered on candidates’ achievement or allegations against them.  This included claims on unemployment figures in the state, allegation of corruption against candidates, and peddling of false impressions about key actors in the election. These claims were treated differently by each of the organisations but they mostly returned similar verdicts on the claims.  The differences were noted in the sources of the claims, shared platform, intended targets of the claim, fact-checking tool, and specified fact-checking procedure.

    Generally, claims in the fact-checks mostly emanated from private citizens and from both candidates, their identified associates, and their respective political parties, as well as notable individuals, reputable news media organisations, and popular blog sites. Worrisome among them is a fact-check on a false tweet by a former Chairman of Nigeria’s National Human Rights Commission, Chidi Odinkalu, of a purported “War in Edo State.” The multiple false ratings on published stories in several reputable news media organisations in the country is another call for concern. Culpable news media included Punch, Vanguard, Thisday, The Nation, The Cable, Daily Post, and Sahara Reporters. These organisations fell for the false information mostly by relying on posts on social media accounts which sometimes turned out to be fake. 

    The media organisations sometimes attempt to redeem the situation by issuing a rejoinder to the published false information or simply deleting such. For instance, in this fact-check, both Punch and ThisDay reportedly published a “misleading” report posted by popular blogger, Linda Ikeji, claiming that Ize-Iyamu begged Obaseki to return to APC, but later deleted it with Punch issuing a rejoinder to apologise to Ize Iyamu. In another fact-check, Edo Election: Report that Ize-Iyamu congratulated PDP, his opponent’s party is FALSE, Punch published the claim from a fake twitter account, but later deleted it.

    This fact-check, Did court restrain Obaseki from contesting Edo PDP Primaries, reported that news media including Vanguard, The Nation, The Cable, Daily Post, and Sahara Reporters erroneously published news reports from a “manipulative” tweet which unfortunately had gathered over a million views and hundreds of retweets and likes in less than 12 hours of the tweets. None of the media organisations had reportedly retracted the story as at the time of publishing the fact-check.  The posts are still available in their original forms on Sahara Reporters, The Nation, Vanguard and The Cable, as at the time of writing this analysis. The story appeared to have been removed by Daily Post and replaced with the correct information, Edo PDP Primary: Obaseki to know fate Wednesday confirming the adjournment of the case till the following day, June 24. 

    The publication of these false information shows the need for continuing vigilance in preventing and halting the spread of misinformation by all.

    Generally, fact-checked claims examined in this analysis were made and shared mostly on Twitter; amid other social media platforms including Facebook and WhatsApp. Others are public debates, news media sites, and blog sites. The claims were mostly contained in images (pictures and infographics), video, text, speeches or public comments.  The high occurrence of twitter and reliance of fact-checkers on the platform for election claims is surprising, considering that it is less commonly used among Nigerians compared with the more dominant Facebook or WhatsApp.

    Table 2: Platform through which fact-checked claims were shared

    Shared platformFrequencyPercentage
    Public  debate49.8
    Across social media platform37.3
    Twitter & Facebook24.9
    News media 12.4
    News media and Blog sites12.4
    News media, Twitter & Facebook12.4
    Twitter and news media sites12.4
    WhatsApp & Facebook12.4

    While several of the fact-checked claims promoted Obaseki, none promoted Ize-Iyamu or his party and other Key actors in the election. Instead, there were multiple claims attacking or maligning Ize-Iyamu, Obaseki, President Buhari, and the APC in general. This suggests Obaseki and his cohorts were aggressive in churning out attacking information on their opponent in the election which they eventually won. 

    Fact-checked claims focused on allegations of corruption, issues bordering on the economy, electoral process and interference, election results, electoral violence, healthcare provision, vote buying, and pre-election polls results.  Generally, the fact-check organisations examined in this analysis mostly reported the issues within the context and peculiarities of their respective organisations. AFP was the most international in its framing of its fact-checks of the Edo elections. Its international outlook was reflected in the framing of its fact-checks’ headlines and detailed contextualisation of issues. The issues were largely presented to appeal to its international audience, with minimal reference to Edo State in the headlines. The other fact-checking organisations were more reflective of the local context with clear reference to Edo elections in their headline. 

    AFP was also the most transparent with regular disclosure of fact-checking tools and procedures used in fact-checking the claims. Dubawa and Fact Check Hub rarely included specific fact-check tools used while People’s Check never specified any specific tool used among its fact-checks. The most commonly reported fact-checking procedure was cross referencing which entails cross-checking the claims with publicly available information. Such information was mostly found online, but also in other places where the information can be verified or debunked. Others included reverse image search, contacting and verification from key actors or experts in a claim; key frame analysis and VeeScore YouTube analysis. These fact-checking procedures were often undertaken, using Google, Yandex, Bing reverse image search function; InVID WeVerify, CrowdTangle, and Google Map. 

    Including fact-checking procedure could increase public literacy on fact-checking process and transparency on the parts of fact-checkers. In addition to media literacy articles often published by fact-checkers, concise description of the fact-checking procedures and tools used in fact-checks could further enlighten readers. Relatedly, increased public enlightenment could lead to having a more informed audience who are better able to critically examine information they receive before sharing, thus reducing the spread of false information in the society. 


    Our analysis of published fact-checks on the Edo State gubernatorial election suggests that some fact-checking organisations in the country may not accord much importance to off-season elections as they failed to publish any fact-check on the election, despite the array of claims making rounds all through the electioneering process. Elections are an integral part of the democratic process and fact-checkers owe their audience the responsibility to filter facts from falsehood and propaganda which tend to be rife during election seasons, whether during general or off-season. As evidenced in this analysis, several claims in circulation during the period were false and misleading, with only a quarter of fact-checked claims found to be true.  The fact-checking community thus owes the general public this important public service so that citizens can make informed voting decisions.

    Evidence from the study also supports the need for continuing vigilance and scepticism from the public on received information. As noted by Adebanjo in this article, the credibility of the source does not always guarantee its accuracy. Reputable media organisations and rights activists fell prey to disseminating misinformation in the Edo gubernatorial election. Despite the ethical necessity for a corrigendum to dispel false or misleading information published by media organisations, many of the organisations found wanting for disseminating misinformation never bothered to put the record straight to stop the spread of misinformation earlier published. Considering evidence from this study that suggests that the candidate whose team was more aggressive in the misinformation war eventually won this election, it is difficult not to isolate the widespread of negative claims on Ize-Iyamu as  a factor in his losing the election. And further study on this subject can throw additional light on the impact of misinformation on voters’ perception of candidates. 

  • #EndSARS: A Little History and More

    By Silas Jonathan 

    Recently, the hashtag #EndSARS, #EndSWAT and others – calling for an end to police brutality in Nigeria – became a top trend on Twitter and other social media platforms, eliciting diverse discourses from people within and outside the country.

    The campaign #EndSARS first emerged in 2018, but resurfaced once more a week ago, attracting an upsurge of support from most Nigerians, majority of whom were youths. As a result, the streets of major cities in the country were crowded with a number of peaceful protesters flaunting the notice #ENDSARS.

    The #EndSARS campaign has attracted massive reactions from significant people and organizations all over the world, demanding an end to a unit in the Nigerian Police Force called the Special Anti-Robbery Squad, simply abbreviated as SARS. The unit was set up by the police in 1992 by CP Simeon Danladi Midenda with the sole responsibility of carrying out special undercover anti-robbery assignments without wearing a police uniform or badge. 

    This task, mandated for the SARS to discharge, was in line with the duty of the Nigerian Police Force, as set out in Nigerian Police Force Act 2004, to secure lives and properties, prevent and detect crime, and apprehend offenders. The same Law also allows the police to detain and search any suspected person in possession of anything stolen or unlawfully obtained which the SARS operatives are primarily assigned to carry out.   

    However, the SARS operatives have come under serious criticism from Nigerians and human rights organizations for committing crimes such as unlawful arrest, extrajudicial killing, torture, and extortion in the guise of preventing internet fraud.

    An analysis by  Amnesty International in 2016 showed that youths are more affected by SARS operations. This assessment recently…Read more


    The Deputy National Publicity Secretary of the APC, Yekini Nabena, Tweeted that the Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS) was created by the People’s Democratic Party (PDP). How true is this claim? 

    A picture shared on Twitter, which shows about nine bodies lined up on the floor, suggest that they were victims of the police brutality in Oyo State. 

    Nigeria’s Former Vice President, Atiku Abubakar, has issued a statement critiquing the 2021 Budget Proposal. The statement which was posted on the former vice president’s social media pages has since gone viral. In the statement… 


    • When was the Special Anti-Robbery Squad of the Nigerian Police Force founded?

    A report by Vanguard traced the creation of SARS to 1992 during the General Ibrahim Badamosi Babangida military junta. A retired Commissioner of Police, Simeon Midenda, who was quoted in the December 23, 2017 report said the unit was created through his effort in 1992.

    • Is the 2021 Nigerian budget approved by the National Assembly yet?

    No, it’s not yet approved.  The budget passed the second reading at the Senate on Wednesday. The passage of the budget comes after three days of deliberation at the upper chamber. More than half of the lawmakers gave their contributions on the floor of the Senate during the debate. While many senators faulted the projections of the budget, especially having to borrow to fund the budget, others commended the executive for its plan on economic recovery.

    • Did Buhari say Nigerians should brace up for another recession?

    Yes, he recently  said so. President Muhammadu Buhari said, last week, that the country is heading for another recession, the second in four years. The President made the remarks while presenting the 2021 budget proposal to the National Assembly – “GDP growth is expected to be negative in the third quarter of this year. As such, our economy may lapse into the second recession in four years, with significant adverse consequences.” Find more details…

    What can you do? 

    Be alert, share our tips and don’t share false news! 

    Coronavirus infection count 

    Note: Total cases may be more than officially stated owing to the inability to include unconfirmed cases. Stay safe,

    Tip of the week 

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    #FakeNews Alert 

    Some accounts on Twitter recently shared a picture of at least nine dead bodies lined side by side, suggesting that they were killed during ongoing protests that have called for reforms in the Nigeria Police. “Ogbomoso is Black. RIP to everyone we lost to the struggle,” tweeted @Cheyih_Viktah on Sunday, October 11, attaching the photograph. This turned out to be false. 


    Major social events are most often breeding grounds for false news.  The #EndSARs protest is not an exception. Beware of misleading pictures, narratives that lack sources and outrageous claims. Check for facts and inquire about anything and everything you see.  

    • A user on twitter, tweeted “I just heard according to UN Constitution any protests that reaches 30days will make UN intervene in that country. The Nigeria Govt knows this. Many young people don’t know it. EXCEPT the govt makes visible tangible immediate changes, #EndSARS protests MUST GO ON. Tell others.”


    This  information while good-intentioned is rather misleading.  The UN has no ‘constitution’. The closest to it is the UN Charter and it is not written anywhere in this Charter that the UN will intervene in a country on account of protests. Consume information about the protest with objectivity and prudence. Try to discern the intent of the source as there will likely be an influx of misinformation from the ongoing #EndSARS protest. 

    Other Fact-checks/Articles 

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