• The FactChecker – Five Fact Checks Debunking Popular Myths

    Did India Beat Nigeria 99-1 In A Football Match?

    Many Nigerians have heard about the legendary football match, the one between Nigeria and  India, where the latter allegedly beat Nigeria 99 to 1. That is India – 99, Nigeria – 1. Legend has it that before Nigeria scored its only goal, the balls turned into different creatures (fire, lion, stone), preventing the Nigerian team from kicking them. But did this match really happen? Click here to find out. 

    Can A Thunderstorm Be Sent To Destroy A Person, Animal Or Thing Unnaturally? 

    Many believe thunderstorms are often sent to destroy and serve as vengeance or sanction for a wrong deed. But what does science say? Find out here.

    Is There A Link Between Okra Leaf And Hyperovulation?

    A blog post by Healthy Living states that okra leaves can be used to boost one’s fertility and increase the ability to conceive twins or even triplets. How true is this? Find your answers here.

    Is It Medically Proven That  Kolanut, Lime And Ginger Can Cure Menstrual Problems?

    A Facebook blogger claims that using four pieces of kola nut mixed with ginger, garlic and lime water, when left to ferment for two days, can resolve menstrual problems. Is this true? Click here for facts.

    Can You Develop Cancer From Eating From Plastic Containers?

    A social media post claimed that American Doctors Association gave out a warning that eating food in plastic causes 52 types of cancer. Is this true? Click here to find out.

  • The FactChecker

    Our 100th Issue!

    We are excited to roll out the 100th issue of our weekly newsletter and are even happier to share this milestone with you. This issue is dedicated to you, our loyal subscribers, thank you for your trust and support. In this light, we have compiled our most-read articles to act as a refresher. We have also added a short video with messages from some of our most loyal readers to say thank you!

    Five Most Read Fact Checks and Articles

    1. What Secrets do the BVN Hold?

    A WhatsApp message claimed that an exposed BVN does not give a fraudster access to your money, instead, they would get information such as name, date of birth and phone number. How true is this? Find out here.

    1. #HEALTHCHECK: The Not-So-Magical Lemon Water

    “Pieces of lemon in a glass of hot water can save you for the rest of your life,” is a phrase you may have heard. You may have come across the assertion or variations of it on various internet sites or WhatsApp broadcast messages or from a friend or family member. Read the facts about this here.

    1. Sucking a Woman’s Breast will not Reduce her Risks of Breast Cancer

    Social media users have circulated stories that suggest that the suckling of breasts, especially by spouses or partners, can reduce the chances of breast cancer in both men and women. This is not accurate, read the facts here.

    1. Does Groundnut Cause Pimples as Sometimes Claimed?

    Oftentimes, this groundnut has been blamed for causing pimples in many parts of the world and Nigeria is not left out in the assumption which is neither medical, scientific nor nutritional. How true is this? Find out here.

    1. Thank You For Reading Our 100th Issue!
  • Five Videos Wrongly Used to Depict Events in Nigeria

    1. Recent Footage of Burnt Bodies From Tanzania, not Nigeria

    A video has been shared on WhatsApp with a claim that bandits were roasted by lightning on their way to attack Christians in Zamfara state.  This is not true, the video is from a tanker explosion in Tanzania, not Nigeria. Read the full story here.

    1. Video Shot in Ethiopia Falsely Used to Project Attack on Yoruba in Nigeria

    A video, which has been widely circulated on social media, shows some men and women chanting and dancing while wielding guns. The caption of the video suggests that some Fulani women were equipped with guns and other ammunition to attack Yoruba people in different parts of Nigeria. This is not true, DUBAWA found that the event depicted in the footage took place in the Afar Region of Ethiopia. Continue reading here

    1. Video Used to Depict Unrest in Abuja was Shot in Ivory Coast

    A user on Facebook claims unknown gunmen in Abuja have chased away security men on the boundary between Nigeria and other countries. But this is not true, the video used to depict the narrative was dated and taken out of context to misinform the public. Read more here.

    1. Drone Footage of Bandits Shot in Kenya, not Nigeria

    A Facebook user claims drone footage of bandits is from Nigeria but findings show the video is not from Nigeria, as it first appeared as drone footage from Laikipia, Kenya. Read the full story, here.

    1. Video Purporting Boko Haram Forcefully Converted Niger Residents to Islam False

    A viral video making rounds on social media claims that Boko Haram is forcefully converting commuters in Niger State, Nigeria to Islam. This is not true, findings show that the depicted event in the video actually took place in Kolia, Ivory Coast. Read the full story here.

  • Five Articles To Help You Do Your Own Fact-Checking!

    A weekly newsletter that takes a closer look at the significance of truth and falsehood in today’s news stories.

    1. Questions To Ask When Consuming Information Online

    While social media is a convenient way to gain access to news and stay connected to friends and family, it is not that easy to differentiate real news from fake news on social media. This article provides you with questions to ask when surfing the internet.

    1.  Beyond The Headlines: Read The Entire Article!

    With the rise in content competing for readers’ attention, content creators have adopted the use of sensational, attention-grabbing headlines in order to get readers to open their content. How do you prepare to not fall for this tactic? Find out here.

    1. How Metadata Can Help You Authenticate Doubtful Images

    Fake news promoters routinely take photos out of context and sometimes digitally alter them. They also combine them with texts to manipulate readers. In this light, here is an article that explains how metadata can help in fact-checking viral images.

    1. How To Verify Viral Videos

    Verifying videos on social media may seem difficult. But with the right approach, it is entirely possible. Here are some tips to help you get the job done.

    1. How To Verify Location

    This article teaches how to use Google Earth to virtually explore coordinates and examine features, such as weather, landmarks, etc.


  • Five Articles To Keep You Safe On The Internet

    1. Internet Security: What You Should Know About Unverified Links Shared On Social Media Platforms

    With the influx of information and apparent fraudulent activities on the internet, it is essential to arm yourself with all that is necessary to make informed decisions and keep safe while using the internet. In this regard, click here to learn how to protect yourself, your device and your social media accounts.

    1. Four Questions To Ask When Consuming Information Online

    While social media is a convenient way to gain access to news and stay connected to friends and family, it is not that easy to differentiate factual information from fake news on social media. In this light, here are four quick questions to ask yourself amidst the surge in online content.

    1. Online Fraud: Ways To Spot Fake Websites

    Digital evolution and  technological advancement has without doubt  caused changes in almost all aspects of human endeavour. With the increase in the number of malicious links flying across WhatsApp, announcing and directing users to fake promos, grants, funds, and gifts on unknown websites, it is imperative to equip yourself with the knowledge in this article

    1. Four Simple Ways Of Fact-Checking Without Using The Internet

    According to the International Communications Union, as of 2019, only 47% of the world’s population uses the internet in developing countries. That leaves a vast gap between developed and developing countries regarding the capacity to correct misinformation before it damages society. Here are some simple and effective ways of fact-checking without the internet.

    1. Philip Emeagwali Is Not The Creator Of The Internet!

    Philip Emeagwali did not create the internet as widely believed. Also, a person cannot solely be pinpointed as the father of the internet because many scientists worked on different parts. Emeagwali’s work was never related to the internet. It was all self-promotion and branding.

  • Five Quick Facts You Can Share With Your Friends

    1. The Nigerian Government Is Not Offering National Youth Empowerment Funds

    A viral WhatsApp message claims the Federal Government is offering money to Nigerians under the National Youth Empowerment Fund. This is not true, click here to read the facts.

    1. Lagos Is Not The City With The Largest Economy In Africa

    While it is true that Nigeria has the largest economy in Africa, there is no substantial evidence to support the claim that Lagos is the city with the largest economy in Africa. Read more here.

    1. Bola Tinubu’s Claim About Lagos State’s Allocation From the FAAC Is Misleading

    Presidential aspirant, Bola Tinubu, in a recent interview with Daily Trust made a claim that Lagos State received zero allocation from the Federation Account Allocation Committee (FAAC) during his tenure as the Governor of the state, but this is not accurate. Read the facts here.

    1. Low Sugar Intake Is not Linked To Cancer

    A Facebook post, while suggesting different ways of eliminating cancer, advised readers to ‘stop eating all kinds of sugar.’ However, DUBAWA’s fact check shows there is no correlation between cancer and sugar consumption. Read more here.

    1. Yes, Peter Obi Said He Would Rather Everyone Starve Than Borrow For Consumption

    A Twitter user quoted presidential aspirant, Peter Obi, as saying he would rather everyone starve than borrow for consumption. This is true! In our findings, the aspirant made the comment to emphasise his position against borrowing for consumption, which he believes is not good for the economy. Read more here.

  • Five Articles On Internet Scams To Help You Stay Safe

    1. Scammers Posed As Zenith Bank’s Twitter Help Page To Defraud Unsuspecting Customers 

    In this article, DUBAWA identified some pages on Twitter operating under the guise of Zenith Bank and defrauding unsuspecting customers. It showed how these scammers work, the sad testimonies of their victims, and why it is so hard to trace them. Read the full story here.

    1. Scammers Used Old Photos Of Sick Child To Defraud Victims Online 

    Here, Miss Hubert Nkanu’s pictures were circulated by some users on social media to solicit help from people. Her pictures were shared with a story suggesting that she is suffering from kidney cancer. However, when DUBAWA checked, it found the little girl was healthy and the pictures in circulation were old pictures recirculated by scammers. Read Miss Hubert’s story here

    1. A Sophisticated Network Of Fraudsters Pose As Vanguard News Websites To Swindle Users

    DUBAWA investigated a parody website that was impersonating the Vanguard newspaper with a Dangote news story to mislead members of the public. Findings show the website is fake and although it contains Vanguard emblems and logos; the URL differs totally from the original Vanguard website and Vanguard URL. Read the article here. 

    1. Scammers Used Ailing Teenager’s Pictures To Defraud People

    A secondary school girl, Miss Praise Olugola was preparing for WAEC when she developed a sinonasal tumour. Unfortunately, in the family’s move to get funds for medication, 17-year-old Praise became a tool for online scammers to utilise in defrauding people. Her details which the family had earlier shared online to solicit donations from the public were edited by scammers to divert help from her. Read her story here

    1. Internet Security: What You Should Know About Unverified Links Shared On Social Media Platforms

    With the influx of information and the apparent fraudulent activities on the internet, it is important to arm yourself with all that is necessary to make informed decisions and to keep safe while using the internet. In this regard, click here to know how to protect yourself, your device and your social media accounts.

  • Five Recirculated Media Used Falsely In The Ongoing Russia/Ukraine Crisis

    1. Old Picture Of Palestinian Girl Shared To Depict Russia-Ukraine Conflict

    A Facebook post has claimed that an 8-year-old Ukrainian girl confronted a Russian combatant, telling him to go back to his country. The picture of the alleged Ukrainian girl has been shared on the internet numerous times. It has been established that the image is from a video of a Palestinian girl, Ahed Tamimi and an Israeli soldier. Read the full fact check here.

    1. Old Photos Were Used To Depict Weapons Deployed By Russia In The Ongoing Crisis With Ukraine

    Photos shared by a Twitter user allegedly show nuclear weapons deployed by Russia against Ukraine to start World War 3. However, findings show that the photos shared are old and have been in circulation before 2022. Read the full fact check here.

    1. Old Video Of US And Canadian Soldiers Used To Depict War In Ukraine

    A user on Facebook shared a video of an acclaimed tug of war between Russian and Ukrainian soldiers amid the ongoing war, but this narrative is FALSE. The soldiers in the video are not Russian and Ukrainian, but Canadian and United States soldiers back in 2012.

    Read the full fact check here.

    1. Old Picture Used To Depict Russia’s Attack On Ukraine

    A user on Twitter claims the picture of a burning inflight jet was that of the 6th Russian aircraft downed by Ukraine. The picture has been online since 2014 and has been featured on different websites, under different narratives. Read the full fact check here.

    1. Video Of Missile Raids In Ukraine Is Not Recent

    A viral video on WhatsApp showcases shells of missiles alleged to have been released by Russia into Ukraine. The WhatsApp claim is false as the viral footage was that of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict in 2021. Read the full fact check here.

  • Five Fact-checks On Popular Beliefs You Need To Read

    1. The Combination Of Malt And Milk Does Not Increase Blood Volume

    It is a popular belief that the combination of malt and milk increases blood volume but there are no studies to back up the claim. Professional nutritionists have also refuted this claim.

    1. Groundnuts Does Not Cause Pimples

    Nutritionists, dietitians, researchers and medical experts do not agree with the claim that groundnuts or other oily foods can cause pimples but they encourage a healthy diet, good hygiene, exercise, and other healthy activities to make bodies fit and beautiful.

    1. The Consumption of Coconut Does Not Trigger Cough

    Medical experts do not agree with the claim that coconut can cause or aggravate coughs. They rather affirm that every part of the coconut is healthy for human nourishment. 

    1. There Is No Medical Evidence To Prove That Sleeping With A Phone Under A Pillow Is Dangerous To One’s Health But Experts Have Advised Not To Do So 

    Although there is no evidence to prove medically if indeed sleeping with a phone under a pillow is dangerous to one’s health, it has been proven that phones do emit a level of radiation. It is, therefore, advised that users prevent prolonged usage of the phone and always keep the phones away from themselves when going to bed.

    1. Perfumes Do Not Cause Cars To Explode

    Opening any perfume bottle while the air conditioner is switched on in your car cannot cause a fire. Only if the perfume is sprayed and a match is lit simultaneously, then an explosion can occur.

  • Five Facts You Can Share With Your Friends

    1. Nasarawa Government Used A Picture From Brazil To Depict The Status Of A Road In The State

    The Nasarawa State Government posted the ‘before and after’ construction pictures of a road it claims to be in Sisinbaki-Kwarra, Wamba Local Government Council but an analysis by DUBAWA shows that one of the images is of a road in Brazil. See the verification process here.

    1. Obinna Nwosu Is Not The First Abia State Politician To Be Verified On Twitter 

    DUBAWA’s findings show that Mao Ohuabunwa, also a politician from the state, got his Twitter account verified in 2017. Read the facts here

    1. Some Fuel Stations Not Operating For 24 Hours As NNPC Claims

    Of the 48 stations the company listed as providing 24-hour service in the federal capital, PREMIUM TIMES confirmed at least four were closed and not selling fuel and five did not operate night and day. Read the full article here.

    1. Hushpuppi Has Not Died In US Custody As Widely Shared

    There are no official reports of Hushpuppi’s death by credible news media, the United States Department of Justice or any other US agency. Click here to read the full check.

    1. Video Of Hushpuppi Lamenting His Experience Behind The Bar Is Deep Fake

     An analysis of the video showed it was a deep fake created for a comedy YouTube channel. Click here for more details.

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